Tooth ExtractionYour teeth are the strongest substance in your body. They can stand up to a substantial amount of daily wear and tear. Despite their strength, they are not indestructible. Issues like physical damage and decay to your teeth can compromise their strength and your oral health. Ideally, damaged teeth are restored. This allows the teeth to remain in their sockets so that they can continue to perform their jobs properly. However, in the event of severe damage, the affected teeth may not be able to be saved. In these cases, tooth extraction may be necessary. Mark A. Coussens, DMD Family & Cosmetic Dentistry can help.
The Importance of Treating Damaged Teeth
Your teeth play many important roles in your mouth. They are responsible for biting and chewing food, which is essential for proper digestion. They control the flow of air when you speak. They play a crucial role in the quality of your smile. Your teeth are also essential for the health and strength of your jawbone. When your teeth are damaged, their strength is affected. They may also be vulnerable to developing infections, which can be painful and put your overall health at risk.
Tooth damage not only affects your oral health, but it can also impact their functions, which then affects your quality of life. Addressing damaged teeth right away is essential. In most cases, damaged teeth can be treated with solutions such as fillings, crowns, or a root canal.
Is an Extraction Necessary?
While most damaged teeth can be restored, this is not always possible. If the affected tooth is too badly damaged, it may be beyond repair. As a result, a tooth extraction becomes necessary. Situations that require a tooth extraction include:
|•||Cracks in the crown that extend below the gum line.
|•||Fractures in the teeth completely below the gum line.
|•||Severe tooth decay.
|•||Split or shattered teeth.|
You may also need a tooth extraction even if your teeth are not damaged. Common reasons for tooth extractions that do not involve physical damage or decay include:
|•||Impacted wisdom teeth. Impacted wisdom teeth can eventually cause serious issues such as cysts, infections, and tooth damage.
|•||Advanced stages of gum disease. In advanced stages of gum disease, your periodontal ligament and jawbone may be weak, which causes your teeth to become loose.
|•||Orthodontic treatment for overcrowding. In some cases, one or more teeth may need to be extracted to create enough space to improve the alignment of your teeth.|
Types of Extractions
There are two types of tooth extractions, simple and surgical. Simple tooth extraction is a straightforward procedure. It is performed under a local anesthetic, which helps to ensure that you do not feel any discomfort during the procedure. A tool called an elevator is used to help loosen the gums and the periodontal ligament from around the tooth. Next, forceps are used to move the tooth back and forth. This helps to further widen the periodontal ligament and loosen the tooth. Once the tooth is sufficiently loose, it is pulled free.
A surgical tooth extraction is necessary for more complex situations. These include situations such as a broken tooth or an impacted wisdom tooth. This procedure is done under a local anesthetic. Sedation may also be provided to help you relax and feel comfortable. An incision is made in the gums to expose the entire tooth, including the root and surrounding bone. We then work to carefully and completely remove the tooth. We may need to section the tooth or remove a small portion of your bone. Once complete, the surgical incision is sutured closed.
Preserving damaged teeth may be the preferred solution, but it is not always possible. If you have suffered tooth damage, call Mark A. Coussens, DMD Family & Cosmetic Dentistry today at (503) 567-4121 to schedule your appointment.